SPRINGFIELD – Gov. J.B. Pritzker signed a bill Tuesday to raise Illinois’ minimum wage to $15 an hour by 2025, declaring his first major legislative victory “a time to celebrate.”
“For nine years, there were many forces that were arrayed against giving a raise to the people who work so hard to provide home care for seniors, child care for toddlers, who wash dishes at the diner and who farm our fields,” Pritzker said. “Today is a victory for the cause of economic justice.”
The signing represents a delivery on one of Pritzker’s major campaign promises a little more than one month into his tenure as governor – albeit without any support from Republican lawmakers.
Illinois Senate Majority Leader Kimberly Lightford, D-Maywood, who ushered Senate Bill 1’s passage through the Senate, said Pritzker “got done in 30 days” what she has been trying to accomplish for 10 years.
“I’m so grateful that I’ve been able to just stay the course,” she said.
Lightford has sponsored several minimum wage increases since 2010, when Illinois’ minimum wage last saw an increase of 25 cents to the current rate of $8.25. If any of those bills had passed, the current minimum wage would be more than $10 hourly today.
A bill she sent to former Republican Gov. Bruce Rauner in 2017 would have made the minimum wage $15 by 2022, but he vetoed the proposal.
Pritzker, Lightford and Illinois Restaurant Association President Sam Toia called the bill a compromise between business and labor interests, but Republicans blasted the effort in a news release shortly after the signing.
“This is only the beginning of J.B. Pritzker’s war on taxpayers and small business,” Illinois Republican Party Chairman Tim Schneider said in a statement. “Nearly doubling the minimum wage will destroy entry-level jobs, raise prices for consumers and bust budgets at every level of government.”
The Illinois Retail Merchants Association and the Illinois Manufacturers’ Association have openly criticized the fast-tracked passage of the bill, as well.
But Toia, whose restaurant association members employ more than 577,000 people in the state, said he was thankful to be at the table for negotiations.
“The legislation signed by the governor today is a reasonable, balanced approach that takes into account many of the concerns of the restaurant industry,” he said. “This was a compromise. I rebut anyone that says this wasn’t a compromise.”
The rollout of the increase will begin in January 2020, when the wage goes from $8.25 to $9.25 before hitting $10 on July 1. From 2021 to 2025, the wage will see a $1 bump every January until it levels off at $15.
Toia praised the bill for maintaining a tip credit that allows employers to pay tipped workers 60 percent of the minimum wage if tips make up the other 40 percent.
A training wage for teen workers also is included in the bill, allowing employers to pay 50 cents to $2 less than the regular minimum wage over the six-year rollout to workers younger than age 18 who work fewer than 650 hours for an employer in a calendar year.
Small businesses with less than 50 full-time equivalent employees also will be able to take advantage of an income tax credit that allows employers to keep 25 percent of the increased money paid to minimum-wage workers from the previous year.
The 25 percent credit will decrease by 4 percent each year, leveling off at 5 percent for two years and extending an extra year for businesses with five or fewer full-time equivalent employees.
Lightford said an added benefit for business is the infusion of more money into the economy for those most likely to spend it.
“I want to put a little shoutout to all the little boys and girls whose parents get up when they're still sleeping ... so they can have a roof over their head and make them happy,” she said. “I'm just hoping that they're able to take their little children to catch a movie or do something fun, because now the economic engine will be turning.”
Iesha Townsend, a minimum wage worker at a Chicago McDonald’s, gifted a “Fight for $15” T-shirt to Pritzker after the signing and said the organization will continue to fight for workers' rights, including unionization efforts. She said her $12 minimum earned is not enough to provide for her two sons.
“With the hours I work, I should be able to stand on my two feet and provide for my children without food stamps or Medicaid,” she said.
But Republicans and business owners said Democrats are overlooking possible repercussions of the bill, including a potential loss of 93,000 to 96,000 jobs in the state, according to the conservative Employment Policies Institute and the National Federation of Independent Business, a small business advocacy group.
Democrats have rebutted the job loss numbers, and Pritzker touted his own business background and pointed to his Wednesday budget address as containing business-growing measures, although he did not offer specifics.
“There are so many other things we need to do, like create jobs in the state, like allow small businesses the opportunity to access capital so they can grow those businesses, like helping us innovate and create new businesses in the state,” Pritzker said. “I understand very acutely the importance of growing the economy. That's why the proposals that I've made and the budget that I will present [Wednesday] is as it is now.”
He also said he “continues to work with” Republicans about issues facing the state, although the Illinois GOP chairman remained critical Tuesday.
“Pritzker pledged to govern differently and listen to all parties and stakeholders, but those turned out to be meaningless words,” Schneider said.
With Democratic supermajorities in the House and Senate, Pritzker might not need Republican support for his progressive agenda, which he rededicated himself to implementing Tuesday.
“We make no little plans, so stay tuned,” he said.