MEMPHIS, Tenn. — Lunging for control over the GOP ahead of high-stakes elections, the Republican National Committee on Friday took steps to end free-for-all presidential debates and vowed to punish potential contenders who participate in rogue forums.
At the same time, an independent organization with deep ties to the Koch brothers has elected to spend $125 million on the battle for control of the Senate this fall, giving the 168-member central party meeting here a stark reminder that outside groups will have significant sway over Republican political fortunes through the 2016 presidential race.
"At the RNC, we cannot control everything in politics. But we have an important mission and we're going to get the job done," RNC Chairman Reince Priebus said as he opened the party's meeting here on Friday.
As he spoke, reports circulated that Americans for Prosperity plans to escalate its television advertising across the nation, improve voter data collection and strengthen its 31-state ground operation. It was a bracing reality check for the RNC: Despite the committee's efforts, the GOP establishment won't be the only ones setting Republican priorities.
A senior official with direct knowledge of Americans for Prosperity's plans confirmed the election blueprint, outlined in a memo distributed to Republican donors this spring. The official confirmed the memo's authenticity, but wasn't authorized to publicly discuss its contents.
Industrialist billionaires Charles and David Koch have already funneled millions to conservative causes. Democrats have roundly criticized the billionaires and claim Republican policies are being dictated by an agenda to grow the Kochs' wealth.
The struggle to mend a party split between populist and establishment factions has hung over the meeting in Memphis, with RNC officials looking for ways to make it harder for weak but vocal candidates to prolong nomination fights, roil debates and jeopardize the party's chances — again — of winning the Senate majority and the presidency.
On Thursday, the RNC rules panel endorsed the creation of a 13-person committee that would limit how many presidential debates can take place and who can ask the questions. The full committee on Friday went along with that plan to ban candidates who participate in scofflaw debates from future RNC-backed sessions, by a 152-to-7 vote.
Several committee members said they were worried that activists might see their ability to prod candidates reduced under the new rule.
"You're going to squelch the ability of candidates to get to know their voter base, and the voter base to get to know their candidates," said Diana Orrock, a national committeewoman from Nevada. "As a voter...I want to see the good, the bad and the ugly."
The RNC measure affects only debates as candidates vie for the GOP nomination; the bipartisan Commission on Presidential Debates will still have final say on the elections between the Republican and Democratic nominees during the general election campaign.
But the RNC recommendation did take a step at reining the haphazard debate style that characterized the 2012 selection progress. The free-wheeling system provided a seemingly endless process of debates, from which former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney emerged as the party's nominee, but only after weathering harsh criticism from his rivals.
"Spending too much time fighting with each other distracts the party from its ultimate goal, which is winning the presidency," said Bruce Ash, chairman of the RNC's rules committee. Others said the debate moderators during the 2012 were hostile to the GOP or were Democrats who wanted Obama to win a second term.
RNC committee member John Ryder said the party should have debates only with moderators who are Republicans or friendly to GOP causes, instead of "reading off talking points from (Obama campaign manager) Jim Messina and Obama for America."
"That's just not a good way to run a railroad or run a presidential primary," said Ryder, the Tennessean who introduced the change.
The RNC rule does not explicitly pick debate moderators but its members were openly critical of CNN journalist Candy Crowley, who moderated a debate between Romney and Obama. During that debate, Crowley corrected Romney's erroneous claim that Obama had not called the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, an act of terror.
Republicans, including Romney's top aides, were furious that the moderator interjected herself into the debate as it was happening. It remains a point of frustration for GOP leaders.
Meanwhile, political operatives said Americans for Prosperity's $125 million investment does not include as much as $30 million more that the group's sister non-profit organization expects to spend on voter education efforts, which are designed to support conservative causes, but don't necessarily advocate for specific legislation or candidates.
The senior official with knowledge of the memo, first reported by Politico, said the group has already spent more than $20 million this year ahead of the November midterm elections.
Peoples reported from Boston.